[新聞英文] Speeding the cause of deadly Puyuma train derailment

Taipei, Oct. 22 (CNA)-Speeding was the main reason behind the deadly derailment of a Puyama express train in northeastern Taiwan on Sunday that has left 18 people dead, according to the head of the Executive Yuan task force investigating the cause of the accident.

Confirming widespread suspicionsthat the train was going too fast at the time of the accident, Minister withoutPortfolio Wu Tze-cheng (吳澤成) said the train was traveling at 140 kilometers per hourwhen the train entered a curve and derailed in Yilan County.

The speed limit for that curved area, which has a radius of 300 meters, is 75 kph, Wu said, but he was unable to explain why the train was operating at such a high speed.

Suspecting thatthe driver may have been professionally negligent, prosecutors on Monday night filed amotion with the Yilan District Court to detain him for further questioning.

The 48-year-olddriver was seriously injured in the derailment but his condition improvedMonday and he was moved from the intensive care ward.

Prosecutors suspect the driver was at fault in operating the train at too high of a speed and also for shutting off the train’s automatic train protection (ATP) system.

Lu Chieh-shen (鹿潔身),director-general of the Taiwan Railways Administration (TRA), said Monday the TRAsuspected that the ATP system that would have slowed the train downautomatically was turned off manually.

He did not offer further details on how that happened.

Also on Monday, Lusubmitted his verbalresignation to TransportationMinister Wu Hong-mo (吳宏謀) in the wake of the deadly derailment, but Wu did not approve it.

The transportation minister said the current priority is to follow up with victims of the accident, which left 18 passengers dead and 190 injured, investigate the cause of the derailment and resume normal train operations in the affected area.

The TRA has alsoagreed to complete safety checks by Tuesday of all their 18 Puyuma expresstrains, known for their tilting features that allow them to maintain relatively highspeeds on curves.

The trains,introduced in 2013, are part of a railway upgrade in eastern Taiwan to helpincrease rail capacity and allow more travelers to bypass the area’s main roadway, thenarrow Suhua Highway, which is highly vulnerable to traffic jams,landslides and road collapses.

Wu will also give a special briefing on the derailment at the Legislature at the request of lawmakers on Wednesday.

According to the Executive Yuan, families of the deceased on the derailed train can receive NT$5.4 million (US$174,600) in compensation for each victim, while the injured can receive up to NT$2.45 million, depending on their condition.

註解:

derailment:

n. 出軌

run off the rails.

express:

n. 特快車、自強號

traveling at high speed

Executive Yuan task force:

n.行政院專案小組

confirm:

v. 證實

remove doubt about by authoritative act or indisputable fact

widespread:

a. 廣泛的

widely diffused or prevalent

suspicion:

n. 懷疑

the act or an instance of suspecting something wrong without proof or on slight evidence

curve:

n. 曲線

something curved

radius:

n. 半徑

a line segment extending from the center of a circle or sphere to the circumference or bounding surface

suspect:

v.懷疑

to imagine (one) to be guilty or culpable on slight evidence or without proof

negligent:

a. 疏忽的

failing to exercise the care expected of a reasonably prudent person in like circumstances

prosecutor:

n. 檢察官

a person who institutes a prosecution before a court

detain:

v. 扣押

to hold or keep in or as if in custody

intensive care ward:

n. 重症加護病房

intensive:

a. 加強的

tending to strengthen or increase

ward:

n. 病房

a division in a hospital

Taiwan Railways Administration (TRA):

n. 臺灣鐵路管理局

verbal:

a. 口頭上

spoken rather than written

resignation:

n. 辭職

an act or instance of resigning something

Transportation Minister:

n. 交通部長

approve:

v. 同意

to have or express a favorable opinion of

tilting:

n. 傾斜

inclination

bypass:

v. 繞過

to avoid by means of a bypass

vulnerable:

a. 容易受到…影響

open to attack or damage

參考資料:

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